Как получить информацию о железе используя dmidecode

Узнаем информацию об аппаратной части сервера используя интерфейс DMI(Desktop Management Interface).

Dmidecode - утилита для Linux, позволяющая работать с DMI, которая выводит информацию об:

  • bios
  • system
  • baseboard
  • chassis
  • processor
  • memory
  • cache
  • connector
  • slot

Установка

Установим dmidecode.

Debian/Ubuntu
apt-get install dmidecode
RHEL/Centos
yum install dmidecode

Получаем информацию.

Информация о BIOS:

dmidecode --type BIOS

# dmidecode 3.0
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.7 present.
Handle 0x0000, DMI type 0, 24 bytes
BIOS Information
Vendor: HP
Version: P71
Release Date: 12/14/2012
Address: 0xF0000
Runtime Size: 64 kB
ROM Size: 8192 kB
Characteristics:
PCI is supported
PNP is supported
BIOS is upgradeable
BIOS shadowing is allowed
ESCD support is available
Boot from CD is supported
Selectable boot is supported
EDD is supported
5.25"/360 kB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
5.25"/1.2 MB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
3.5"/720 kB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
Print screen service is supported (int 5h)
8042 keyboard services are supported (int 9h)
Serial services are supported (int 14h)
Printer services are supported (int 17h)
CGA/mono video services are supported (int 10h)
ACPI is supported
USB legacy is supported
BIOS boot specification is supported
Function key-initiated network boot is supported
Targeted content distribution is supported
Firmware Revision: 1.20

Информация о материнской плате:

dmidecode --type baseboard

# dmidecode 3.0
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.5 present.
Handle 0x0003, DMI type 2, 16 bytes
Base Board Information
Manufacturer: Intel Corporation
Product Name: S5500WB
Version: E48472-311
Serial Number: AZWK103819381
Asset Tag: ....................
Features:
Board is a hosting board
Board is replaceable
Location In Chassis: Not Specified
Chassis Handle: 0x0004
Type: Motherboard
Contained Object Handles: 0
Handle 0x001B, DMI type 10, 6 bytes
On Board Device Information
Type: Video
Status: Enabled
Description: ServerEngines Pilot II
Handle 0x001C, DMI type 10, 6 bytes
On Board Device Information
Type: Ethernet
Status: Enabled
Description: Intel 82576EB Ethernet
Handle 0x001D, DMI type 10, 6 bytes
On Board Device Information
Type: SATA Controller
Status: Enabled
Description: ICH10 Integrated SATA Controller

Информация о процессоре:

dmidecode --type processor

# dmidecode 3.0
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.7 present.
Handle 0x0400, DMI type 4, 42 bytes
Processor Information
Socket Designation: Proc 1
Type: Central Processor
Family: Xeon
Manufacturer: Intel
ID: D7 06 02 00 FF FB EB BF
Signature: Type 0, Family 6, Model 45, Stepping 7
Flags:
FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)
VME (Virtual mode extension)
DE (Debugging extension)
PSE (Page size extension)
TSC (Time stamp counter)
MSR (Model specific registers)
PAE (Physical address extension)
MCE (Machine check exception)
CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)
APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)
SEP (Fast system call)
MTRR (Memory type range registers)
PGE (Page global enable)
MCA (Machine check architecture)
CMOV (Conditional move instruction supported)
PAT (Page attribute table)
PSE-36 (36-bit page size extension)
CLFSH (CLFLUSH instruction supported)
DS (Debug store)
ACPI (ACPI supported)
MMX (MMX technology supported)
FXSR (FXSAVE and FXSTOR instructions supported)
SSE (Streaming SIMD extensions)
SSE2 (Streaming SIMD extensions 2)
SS (Self-snoop)
HTT (Multi-threading)
TM (Thermal monitor supported)
PBE (Pending break enabled)
Version: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2670 0 @ 2.60GHz
Voltage: 1.4 V
External Clock: 100 MHz
Max Speed: 4800 MHz
Current Speed: 2600 MHz
Status: Populated, Enabled
Upgrade: Socket LGA2011
L1 Cache Handle: 0x0710
L2 Cache Handle: 0x0720
L3 Cache Handle: 0x0730
Serial Number: Not Specified
Asset Tag: Not Specified
Part Number: Not Specified
Core Count: 8
Core Enabled: 8
Thread Count: 16
Characteristics:
64-bit capable
Handle 0x0401, DMI type 4, 42 bytes
Processor Information
Socket Designation: Proc 2
Type: Central Processor
Family: Xeon
Manufacturer: Intel
ID: D7 06 02 00 FF FB EB BF
Signature: Type 0, Family 6, Model 45, Stepping 7
Flags:
FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)
VME (Virtual mode extension)
DE (Debugging extension)
PSE (Page size extension)
TSC (Time stamp counter)
MSR (Model specific registers)
PAE (Physical address extension)
MCE (Machine check exception)
CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)
APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)
SEP (Fast system call)
MTRR (Memory type range registers)
PGE (Page global enable)
MCA (Machine check architecture)
CMOV (Conditional move instruction supported)
PAT (Page attribute table)
PSE-36 (36-bit page size extension)
CLFSH (CLFLUSH instruction supported)
DS (Debug store)
ACPI (ACPI supported)
MMX (MMX technology supported)
FXSR (FXSAVE and FXSTOR instructions supported)
SSE (Streaming SIMD extensions)
SSE2 (Streaming SIMD extensions 2)
SS (Self-snoop)
HTT (Multi-threading)
TM (Thermal monitor supported)
PBE (Pending break enabled)
Version: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2670 0 @ 2.60GHz
Voltage: 1.4 V
External Clock: 100 MHz
Max Speed: 4800 MHz
Current Speed: 2600 MHz
Status: Populated, Idle
Upgrade: Socket LGA2011
L1 Cache Handle: 0x0716
L2 Cache Handle: 0x0726
L3 Cache Handle: 0x0736
Serial Number: Not Specified
Asset Tag: Not Specified
Part Number: Not Specified
Core Count: 8
Core Enabled: 8
Thread Count: 16
Characteristics:
64-bit capable

Информация о установленных модулях памяти и количестве доступных слотов:

dmidecode --type memory

# dmidecode 3.0
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.7 present.
Handle 0x1000, DMI type 16, 23 bytes
Physical Memory Array
Location: System Board Or Motherboard
Use: System Memory
Error Correction Type: Single-bit ECC
Maximum Capacity: 384 GB
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Number Of Devices: 12
Handle 0x1001, DMI type 16, 23 bytes
Physical Memory Array
Location: System Board Or Motherboard
Use: System Memory
Error Correction Type: Single-bit ECC
Maximum Capacity: 384 GB
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Number Of Devices: 12
Handle 0x1100, DMI type 17, 34 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x1000
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: 72 bits
Data Width: 64 bits
Size: 8192 MB
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: None
Locator: PROC 1 DIMM 1
Bank Locator: Not Specified
Type: DDR3
Type Detail: Synchronous Registered (Buffered)
Speed: 1333 MHz
Manufacturer: UNKNOWN
Serial Number: Not Specified
Asset Tag: Not Specified
Part Number: Not Specified
Rank: 2
Configured Clock Speed: 1333 MHz
Handle 0x1101, DMI type 17, 34 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x1000
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: 72 bits
Data Width: 64 bits
Size: 8192 MB
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: 1
Locator: PROC 1 DIMM 2
Bank Locator: Not Specified
Type: DDR3
Type Detail: Synchronous Registered (Buffered)
Speed: 1333 MHz
Manufacturer: UNKNOWN
Serial Number: Not Specified
Asset Tag: Not Specified
Part Number: Not Specified
Rank: 2
Configured Clock Speed: 1333 MHz
Handle 0x1102, DMI type 17, 34 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x1000
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: 72 bits
Data Width: 64 bits
Size: No Module Installed
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: 2
Locator: PROC 1 DIMM 3
Bank Locator: Not Specified
Type: DDR3
Type Detail: Synchronous
Speed: Unknown
Manufacturer: UNKNOWN
Serial Number: Not Specified
Asset Tag: Not Specified
Part Number: Not Specified
Rank: Unknown
Configured Clock Speed: Unknown
.........................
`

Информация о разьемах на материнской плате:

dmidecode --type connector

# dmidecode 3.0
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.7 present.
Handle 0x0801, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J801
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 1
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0802, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J801
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 2
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0803, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J801
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 3
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0804, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J801
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 4
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0805, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J33
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 5
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0806, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J904
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 6
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0807, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J904
Internal Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
External Reference Designator: USB Port 7
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB
Handle 0x0808, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J36
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: Video Port
External Connector Type: DB-15 female
Port Type: Video Port
Handle 0x0809, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J87
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: COM Port
External Connector Type: DB-9 male
Port Type: Serial Port 16550A Compatible
Handle 0x080A, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J39
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: ILO NIC port
External Connector Type: RJ-45
Port Type: Network Port
Handle 0x080B, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: J904
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: Front Video Port
External Connector Type: Proprietary
Port Type: Video Port

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