Включаем поддержу IOMMU на Intel VT-d в KVM

Включение IOMMU для проброса PCI в KVM

Проброс PCI-устройств позволяет использовать физическое PCI-устройство внутри виртуального сервера. Если мы пробрасываем PCI-устройство в виртуальный сервер, оно больше недоступно хосту.

Проверяем модуль в системе:

[root@kvm ~]# virt-host-validate
QEMU: Checking for hardware virtualization : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/kvm exists : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/kvm is accessible : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/vhost-net exists : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/net/tun exists : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for device assignment IOMMU support : PASS
QEMU: Checking if IOMMU is enabled by kernel : WARN (IOMMU appears to be disabled in kernel. Add intel_iommu=on to kernel cmdline arguments)
LXC: Checking for Linux >= 2.6.26 : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace ipc : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace mnt : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace pid : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace uts : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace net : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace user : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller mount-point : PASS

Для Intel CPU

В списке можем наблюдать, что IOMMU отключен в ядре. Включим его, для этого добавим intel_iommu=on в конфигурационный файл GRUB /etc/default/grub:

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="... intel_iommu=on"

А затем обновим конфигурацию загрузчика:

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

Перезагружаем систему и проверяем.

[ceph@kvm ~]$ virt-host-validate
QEMU: Checking for hardware virtualization : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/kvm exists : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/kvm is accessible : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/vhost-net exists : PASS
QEMU: Checking if device /dev/net/tun exists : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller support : PASS
QEMU: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller mount-point : PASS
QEMU: Checking for device assignment IOMMU support : PASS
QEMU: Checking if IOMMU is enabled by kernel : PASS
LXC: Checking for Linux >= 2.6.26 : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace ipc : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace mnt : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace pid : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace uts : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace net : PASS
LXC: Checking for namespace user : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'memory' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpu' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuacct' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'cpuset' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'devices' controller mount-point : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller support : PASS
LXC: Checking for cgroup 'blkio' controller mount-point : PASS

Для AMD CPU

Добавим amd_iommu=on в конфигурационный файл GRUB /etc/default/grub:

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="... amd_iommu=on"

А затем обновим конфигурацию загрузчика:

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

Перезагружаем систему и проверяем.

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